About the Index

The ND-GAIN Index is a navigation tool that helps corporate and development leaders manage risks exacerbated by climate change such as over-crowding, food insecurity, inadequate infrastructure and civil conflicts. The Index shows a country's level of vulnerability, and the readiness of a country to successfully implement adaptation solutions. The tool is free and open-source.

Using over 15 years of data, across 50 variables, ND-GAIN ranks over 175 countries annually based on how vulnerable they are to droughts, super-storms and other natural disasters and, uniquely, how ready they are to successfully implement adaptation solutions.


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The Index defines vulnerability as exposure and sensitivity to climate, population, infrastructure and resource stress, as well as the country’s adaptive capacity to those stresses.
The Index defines readiness by social, governance and economic factors. 

Learn more by viewing our Index Methodology.

The Biggest Movers >> View PDF

Relating climate adaptation to stability and development 

Over the last five years, the countries that have made the biggest jump on the ND-GAIN Index to become better climate adaptors shared improvement in their economies and adaptive capacities. The countries that declined the most over the same period primarily shared increases in corruption, political instability and violence.

Comparing ND-GAIN to the Fragile States Index (FSI) reveals more of the story, including some interesting subtleties highlighted here. 


Disproportionate Risk   >> View PDF 

The world through the lens of climate change vulnerability and readiness. Here, the 175 countries included in the ND-GAIN Index are redrawn as circles. The size of a circle is proportional to that country’s vulnerability score, while the color encodes its readiness to accept adaptation investment. Many countries in Africa and Asia exhibit the dangerous combination of high vulnerabilty and low readiness.


Readiness Upgrades   >> View PDF

Examining a six year trend, a number of vulnerable countries have made great strides in readiness. Their positions on the ND-GAIN Matrix in 2013, compared to 2008, demonstrate the improvements possible with smart investment. 

The ND-GAIN Matrix illustrates the comparative resilience of countries to climate. The vertical axis shows the vulnerability score and the horizontal axis shows the readiness score. Countries in the red quadrant have a high vulnerability to climatic change, and a low level of readiness. Countries in both red and blue quadrants are a priority for investment. As a country improves its readiness (moving left to right across the matrix), it increases its ability to accept adaptation investment to address the urgent need for action.

ND-GAIN Country Index Benchmark   >> View PDF


Explore the Country Index